How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (2022)

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (1)

Raspberries are one of the most delicious berries to grow in your garden. A delicious perennial that will return year after year with proper pruning.

They are certainly a favourite for us.

On our property, we have a wide range of raspberries – wild and cultivated. We grow a number of different raspberries that give us fruit over the whole of summer and early fall.

If you already grow thesefruit canes, you will know that learning how to prune raspberries is one of the key skills to learn.

Why it is Important to Prune Raspberries

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (2)

Raspberries that are not pruned will tend to reduce their fruit bearing capacity over time. They can also be more susceptible to pests and disease, and overcrowding can weaken the plants and reduce the yield of berries.

What is more, pruning raspberries can help to keep your garden looking neat and tidy. Dead and damaged canes are pruned out, which removes unsightly elements from the garden scheme. Suckers that pop up around the canes are pruned out to avoid them from spreading into surrounding growing areas.

Pruning can also allow you to reduce the height of your canes. This will make it easier for you to control the plants and harvest your crop.

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (3)

In order to carry out this garden job, you will require:

You may also find it beneficial to have:

  • A good pair ofgarden gloves to protect your hands from any thorns or spiky canes. We tested five of the most popular pair of gloves here and found that these leather work gloves were the best.
  • Atrowelorspadeto dig up suckers that have popped up further away from the base of the canes.

Different Types of Raspberries

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (4)

Before you prune your raspberries, it is important to determine which variety or varieties you have.

(Video) How to train your raspberries for a bumper crop | Creative Plus Productions

There are a wide range ofdifferent varieties, which differ in their requirements and characteristics.

In addition to the common red berries, you can also find black and golden raspberry varieties to grow.

(Black raspberries can be confused with blackberries. But unlike blackberries, black raspberries will come away from the central rasp, or white plug, at the centre of the berries when picked.)

No matter what colour the berries may be, raspberries are all members of the Rubus subgenus. All common varieties fall into two different categories.

  • Mid-Summer fruiting raspberries (which bear fruit on floricanes – the previous season’s growth).
  • Late summer/fall fruiting raspberries (which bear fruit on primocanes – the current season’s growth).

Different methods are required to prune raspberries of the two different types.

Pruning Summer Raspberries

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (5)

Prune summer fruiting raspberries in the late summer or fall, after the berries have been harvested.

Since these canes bear berries on second year growth, the aim is to prune out only those canes which have fruited this year (floricanes).

You will leave this season’s canes (primocanes) in place. These will turn into floricanes and fruit next year.

The only exception to this is where the raspberry patch has become too congested. If there are too many primocanes and they are too crowded, you may want to prune out some of these too.

(While floricanes are usually pruned after the harvest, primocanes are often thinned out in early spring.)

(Video) PRUNING AND TYING | at the raspberry farm

Do not be tempted to reduce the number of primocanes until the plants are at least three years old or vigour and yield may be reduced.

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (6)

To prune summer-fruiting raspberries:

  • Identify the floricanes that have fruited this year. (These are brown or grayish in colour, and harder and more brittle in texture, having died off after fruiting, while the primocanes of this season’s growth will look fresh and green.)
  • Use shears or secateurs to cut the floricanes off at ground level, without leaving any stub.
  • Take the strongest of the green primocanes and, if growing your raspberries within a support structure, tie them into your supports.
  • Remove weaker or damaged primocanes (or primocanes that you wish to remove for thinning) by cutting these off at ground level too.
How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (7)

In late winter (around February), you may also wish to restrict the height of the longest primocanes to make harvesting easier. Trim off the tops of the longest canes to a height that you can reach.

In support structures, it is better to restrict growth to 10cm above the top support wire, or the peak of the support.

Pruning New Canes

If you are planting out newly purchased summer-fruiting raspberries this fall, or over the winter, it is important to determine whether or not these have been sold as ‘long canes’.

These long canes are year-old, ready to fruit canes (floricanes) and should not be pruned upon planting.

Pruning Late Summer/ Fall Raspberries

Raspberries that fruit in late summer/early fall on this season’s growth (primocanes) are best pruned in around February (late winter).

Pruning at this time will help to ensure that the plants have had time, over the dormant winter months, to store plenty of carbohydrates in their root systems.

When pruning these raspberry varieties, you have two choices. You can either:

  • Cut all canes off at ground level. (Newly purchased canes of this type of raspberry should be pruned to within 25cm (10 inches) of the ground when planted, whenever this is done over the dormant period.)
  • Or, aim for double cropping by selecting the strongest 6-8 canes per metre and leaving these canes at around 1m in height, and cutting off the rest of the canes at ground level.

Pruning for Double-Cropping

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (8)

Choosing whether or not to aim for a double harvest will depend on a number of factors.

(Video) Raspberry Pruning 102: Drastic Pruning for Wild Growth

It is important to understand that only certain varieties are suitable for this treatment.

(Varieties such as ‘Autumn Treasure’, ‘Himbo Top’ and ‘Joan J’ are considered to be particularly well suited to double cropping.)

Double cropping can be useful for those with smaller gardens, who do not have space to grow both summer and fall varieties. If you do decide to aim for a double crop, you can achieve a small, but valuable earlier crop in addition to the main harvest.

However, it is generally considered to be the case that plants that bear only once, in late summer/ early fall produce higher quality berries. Yield will generally be higher if you are able to find the space to grow both mid-summer and late summer/fall bearing varieties (around 5% higher than when only the latter are grown).

If you do decide to aim for double cropping, the canes that were left at 1m height should be cut down to ground level immediately after they have finished fruiting in the summer.

Thinning Your Late-Summer/ Fall Raspberry Patch

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (9)

As with summer fruiting raspberries, you may also wish to reduce overcrowding in your patch.

Do this by thinning out excess canes in the summer. It is also a good idea to look out for any weedy, damaged or diseased canes and to remove these as soon as possible to prevent the spread of any problems.

Removing Raspberry Suckers

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (10)

If your raspberry canes throw up suckers, you can remove these if required.

Often, suckers can cause overly congested conditions around the base of your primocanes and floricanes, between rows. If these are close to the base of the canes, it is best to remove them.

Cut them off at the base, at ground level. If you attempt to pull these out or dig them up, you can do damage to the plants’ root systems.

(Video) Everything is coming up roses, raspberries and tomatoes.

However, you may find that raspberry suckers also pop up at some distance from the main stand. In such instances, you can safely dig these out without doing damage to your main raspberry patch.

If the suckers are damaged, diseased or lack vigour, these should be discarded. If, however, they are healthy, they can be uprooted and planted elsewhere in your garden. (Or gifted to friends, family or others in your local community.) This work is best undertaken in early spring.

Replanting Raspberry Suckers

Suckers are an easy means of propagation and will grow into plants that are identical to the parent plant.

Replanting suckers can be a great way to increase your garden’s plant stock. To remove these from the parent plant, cut straight down into the soil between the parent and the sucker with a spade or trowel.

This will sever the connecting runner and roots. Loosen the soil and gently pull the sucker from the ground, trying to retain as much root system as possible.

If you plan to replant suckers elsewhere in your garden, prepare a new growing area. Make sure to add plenty of organic matter. Replant your suckers in their new growing location as quickly as possible. Take care to plant them at the same depth.

How To Prune Raspberries For A Bumper Harvest Year After Year (11)

These new plants should be pruned back to around 2-5 inches (around 5- 12cm) above ground level to encourage new canes to form.

Pruning each year will allow you to maintain a healthy and productive raspberry plantation.

Sometimes, pruning may seem brutal. But pruning correctly will help to ensure that your plants are healthy, and will continue to produce their delicious yield for years to come.

Read Next: How To Plant Raspberry Canes For A High Yielding Berry Patch

FAQs

Should raspberries be cut back in winter? ›

Pruning autumn-fruiting raspberries

Cut back all the old, fruited canes to ground level in February. New canes will start growing in spring, which will bear fruit later in the year.

When should raspberries be cut back? ›

Prune all canes back to ground level in March or early April. While the plants won't produce a summer crop, the late summer/early fall crop should mature one to two weeks earlier.

Do you cut raspberries to the ground? ›

Pruning Floricane-Bearing Raspberry Plants

You should prune them back to ground level in order for the one-year-old canes to thrive and become strong and fruitful second-year canes the next growing season.

What do you do with raspberry bushes at the end of the season? ›

Following summer harvest, prune off the old fruiting canes to the ground. Fall-bearing – Fall-bearing can be pruned for either one crop or two. For two crops, prune as you would summer-bearing, then again after the fall harvest, pruning to the ground. If only one crop is desired, there's no need to prune in summer.

What happens if you don't prune raspberries? ›

Left unpruned, red raspberries are their own worst weed. When canes get overcrowded, they compete for sunlight, causing the shaded leaves and buds on the lower half of the plant to die. Without those buds, you'll have fewer fruiting branches and a much smaller crop.

How do you prepare raspberry bushes for the winter? ›

After the harvest, remove the 2-year-old canes that produced berries that season. Cut the 1-year-old canes back to 3 feet high. When late fall arrives, bend the young canes gently to the ground and mound 3 inches of soil over them. The soil will insulate the canes and protect them from winter damage.

Should you cut down raspberry bushes in the fall? ›

Prune summer fruiting raspberries in the late summer or fall, after the berries have been harvested. Since these canes bear berries on second year growth, the aim is to prune out only those canes which have fruited this year (floricanes). You will leave this season's canes (primocanes) in place.

How do you cut back raspberries? ›

How Do I Prune Raspberries? - YouTube

How do you prune everbearing raspberry bushes? ›

The far simpler method for Pruning everbearing raspberries is to simply forget about the early summer crop and prune for one larger fall crop. This is accomplished, also in the spring, by simply cutting all of your patches first-year growth down to the ground.

Do you cut the tops off raspberry canes? ›

Once you have picked all the crop from summer-fruiting raspberries, loganberries and tayberries, you should prune out the old stems. Annual pruning keeps the plants vigorous and productive, so you get the best return from your plants for the space.

How tall should raspberry canes be? ›

Raspberries grow 4-6 feet high; it isn't necessary to trellis them as long as you have room for the canes to arch slightly as the fruit ripens. A small bed is fine for a freestanding raspberry patch.

How long do raspberry plants live? ›

Individual raspberry plants live for an average of 10 years with proper care, each year growing new canes that will produce fruit their second year. However, raspberries also send out underground runners that will develop into new plants, so a patch of established plants could survive for many years.

How low do you cut raspberry canes? ›

Cut the canes down to about 2.5cm in height, which will allow them to develop strong shoots. Summer fruiting raspberries crop on the previous year's wood so newly planted canes won't produce fruit until their second year. Once you've harvested the berries, all the stems that bore fruit should be removed.

How do you get rid of raspberry runners? ›

Raspberries spread by underground runners, so it helps to “wall” them off. Wherever new plants do pop up, pull them, getting as much of the roots as you can. You might also just mow or cut them down and pile heavy mulch on top. If you keep doing this, eventually the plants and roots will weaken.

What is the best fertilizer for raspberries? ›

Raspberry Fertilizing Needs

Raspberry plant fertilizer should be heavy in nitrogen, although a balanced type is often preferred. For instance, the best fertilizer for raspberry bushes is a 10-10-10 fertilizer or actual nitrogen at a rate of 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.3 kg.) per 100 feet (30.4 m.)

How do I know if my raspberries are summer or autumn? ›

  1. Summer bearing raspberries bear fruit on the canes that grew last summer. ...
  2. In spring: Look for canes that bore fruit last year. ...
  3. In summer: by mid-summer, it's pretty easy to tell which type you have. ...
  4. In fall: If you're getting raspberries in September, you have an everbearing (autumn bearing) raspberry.
15 Apr 2021

Do raspberries need to be thinned? ›

As the canes grow back in the summer, thin them to about 6 inches apart. Keep the sturdiest canes, and remove suckers outside your designated row footprint. This technique will give you a larger fall harvest. Plus, it's helpful if you also have summer-bearing raspberry bushes and you want staggered harvests.

How do you fertilize raspberries? ›

If you have just a few plants apply about 2 ounces of 10-10-10 spread uniformly around the plant. If you don't want to use 10-10-10, you can feed raspberry plants with a water-soluble liquid fertilizer such as 20-20-20 or an organic plant food such as 10-2-8. Follow instructions on product label for application rates.

How do you winterize berry bushes? ›

Lay them on the ground and tuck them in for the winter with a thick layer of mulch. Erect canes are hardier (survive cold better) than trailing ones and require less protection. If you expect chill winds, construct a windbreak to protect them.

Do raspberry plants come back every year? ›

Although the canes die off after their second year, the plant continues to produce new canes each year as well. When growing raspberries, you can choose from red, black, and even golden varieties. This allows for an ongoing harvest on second year canes, year after year.

Do raspberries need water in winter? ›

Continue watering the raspberries long after the plants have stopped producing fruit, and don't hold off on watering until the first frost. This extended watering prevents over-drying during the winter and also helps harden the plants and prepare them for the cold.

How can you tell how old a raspberry cane is? ›

Answer: Dead raspberry canes will be white to gray in color. When dead canes are pruned, the tissue inside the stem will be tan to brown and dry. Live canes will be brown to purple in color.

Why are my raspberries small? ›

Poor pollination

Raspberries are self-fruitful, but bees are necessary to move pollen from the anthers to the stigma for full fruit set. Inadequate numbers of bees, both native and introduced, can cause small and crumbly fruit.

Do raspberry plants spread? ›

Raspberries spread in 3 ways: by seed from the berries themselves, by canes touching the ground to form new roots, and by underground lateral roots (runners or stolons). In ideal conditions, raspberries will spread to take over a large area, and may even be considered invasive.

How do you take care of raspberry canes? ›

Firm in and water well. Tie in summer-fruiting canes as they grow, cutting back weak stems (autumn-fruiting varieties don't need support). In spring, feed with a general fertiliser and mulch around plants to keep their roots slightly moist and to suppress weeds. Keep the plants well watered during dry spells.

How do you multiply raspberry plants? ›

Black or purple raspberries and some blackberry varieties are propagated by “tip layering” wherein the tip of the cane is buried in 2 to 4 inches (5-10 cm.) of soil. The tip then forms its own root system. The following spring, the new raspberry propagation is then separated from the parent, leaving 6 inches (15 cm.)

Do you cut back everbearing raspberries? ›

Pruning Raspberry Bushes

Annual Pruning: A well pruned raspberry patch will be healthier and more fruitful because of better distribution of light, air movement, and pesticides. Hand held clippers and thick gloves are necessary when pruning. Everbearing second-year canes should be removed after fruiting in the spring.

What does everbearing raspberry mean? ›

Fall-bearing raspberries are also called “everbearing” because you can prune them in a way that they provide a small summer crop on the canes from the previous year, and a larger fall crop. If you plant both summer-bearing and fall- bearing types, you should not interplant them.

How do you winterize red raspberry bushes? ›

Wrap erect canes (canes that are not on a trellis) in two to three layers of burlap. Fold burlap over the top of the canes and secure it with twine. Remove trellised raspberry canes from their supports. Lay the canes gently on the ground and cover them with 3 to 4 inches of straw.

How do you prune raspberry canes for winter? ›

"Remove old canes in late winter by cutting them into pieces with pruning loppers." My next mistake was leaving out something important – thinning the new canes when they come up in spring. The new canes are growing with a vengeance by the time you are picking raspberries, and there are usually too many of them.

Why are my raspberry plants not producing fruit? ›

Improper pruning is a common reason for having no fruit on raspberry plants, but other issues can also be the problem. Plants which fail to reach full size or produce fruit can be caused by improper growing conditions, pests or disease. Raspberries grow best in raised beds full of rich, fertile soil.

How do you prepare raspberry bushes for spring? ›

SPRING CARE for RASPBERRY PLANTS! Pruning and Maintenance

What can you not plant near raspberries? ›

Raspberries should not be planted alongside nightshades like eggplant, potato, or tomatoes, as they are particularly susceptible to blight and verticillium wilt. Avoid planting raspberries near similar crops like boysenberries, blackberries, or gooseberries to prevent the transfer of soil-borne fungal diseases.

Why do you have to plant blackberries away from raspberries? ›

However, some gardeners recommend against co-planting blackberries and raspberries because some varieties can be more susceptible to certain diseases or pests than others. For example, black raspberries are prone to anthracnose, a type of fungal disease. Red raspberries are less susceptible to anthracnose fungus.

How many raspberries will one plant produce? ›

Average yield per plant is 1 to 2 quarts of raspberries.

Do raspberries produce twice a year? ›

There are two types of raspberries: The ever-bearing variety produces fruit twice – once in summer and again in the fall – and grows berries every year from the first year. The summer-bearing variety produces fruit only once, in early summer. Fruit does not show up until the second year on a new summer-bearing plant.

How many raspberry plants do I need for a family of 4? ›

For the average family of four that will eat raspberries all the time you would want to grow 10'-15' of row or about 7-10 plants. This will give you enough to always have for fresh eating and be able to share with some neighbors.

How often should you pick raspberries? ›

It is best to harvest ripe raspberries every 2 or 3 days to avoid over-ripe and rotting fruit. Raspberries do not keep long after picking – usually about 2 or 3 days in the refrigerator at most.

Is chicken manure good for raspberries? ›

Use fully rotted or composted chicken manure for fertilizer in your raspberry rows. Till composted manure into the deep soil when planting raspberry canes. After the first growing season, use no more than 7.5 pounds of composted manure for 10 feet of raspberry plants.

Is tomato feed good for raspberries? ›

Raspberry Fertilizers FAQ

This makes tomato fertilizer a good option for raspberries. Rose fertilizer is also a solid option with raspberries being a part of the rose family.

How do you prune twice fruiting raspberries? ›

Prune off the top of the cane of a two-crop raspberry that has borne fruit; cut the cane back to the lowest point on the cane that bore fruit (usually about 45 inches from the ground). Leave the bottom of the cane to fruit the following spring or early summer.

Can you mow raspberry bushes? ›

Black and purple raspberries can be summer pruned after harvest where they are mowed to ground level. In the spring, you'll pinch back to promote lateral buds. The dormant pruning option is to keep 4-5 sturdy canes per plant but remove others. You'll cut back side branches and secure with a trellis system.

How deep do raspberry runners go? ›

Raspberries spread through an extensive underground root system. If you're growing raspberries in raised beds, they need a planter at least 18 to 20 inches deep to accommodate their growth. Additionally, raspberries spread above ground by as much as 1 to 2 feet per season.

How do you keep raspberries upright? ›

A raspberry trellis should include sturdy support posts and several levels of wire or twine strung between the posts on either side of the plants. If you use wire you will need a couple of other supplies: Earth anchors behind the end posts, and gripples or strainers. Both serve to secure the wire and keep it tight.

Can you use Miracle Grow on raspberries? ›

How to Feed Raspberry Bushes. One excellent way to ensure your raspberry bushes grow and perform their best is to use Miracle-Gro® soil and plant food together to create a nutrition-filled growing environment.

Is Epsom salt good for raspberry plants? ›

Epsom Salt – 2 teaspoons of Epsom salt per gallon of water is highly effective during the blooming phase of the Raspberry. Epsom salt provides magnesium and sulfur to feed your plants and keeps the soil slightly acidic.

Are coffee grounds good for raspberry plants? ›

Sprinkle used coffee grounds around plants that love acid such as: Blueberries. Raspberries. Azaleas.

How do I know if my raspberries are summer or autumn? ›

  1. Summer bearing raspberries bear fruit on the canes that grew last summer. ...
  2. In spring: Look for canes that bore fruit last year. ...
  3. In summer: by mid-summer, it's pretty easy to tell which type you have. ...
  4. In fall: If you're getting raspberries in September, you have an everbearing (autumn bearing) raspberry.
15 Apr 2021

How do I prune red raspberries? ›

Red raspberry canes should be pruned at ground level. Raspberries grow from canes, which are shoots that have few branches. The best means of maintaining productive raspberries is to prune the plant's canes with heading cuts. Heading cuts are a type of pruning that stubs off the cane flush with the ground.

How do you prune everbearing raspberry bushes? ›

The far simpler method for Pruning everbearing raspberries is to simply forget about the early summer crop and prune for one larger fall crop. This is accomplished, also in the spring, by simply cutting all of your patches first-year growth down to the ground.

How tall should raspberry canes be? ›

Raspberries grow 4-6 feet high; it isn't necessary to trellis them as long as you have room for the canes to arch slightly as the fruit ripens. A small bed is fine for a freestanding raspberry patch.

What happens if you don't prune autumn raspberries? ›

The suckering nature of raspberry plants means that if left unpruned they become very congested, produce small fruits, and outgrow their allocated space. Also, the fruited stems will gradually become weaker each year and eventually die.

What is the best fertilizer for raspberries? ›

Raspberry Fertilizing Needs

Raspberry plant fertilizer should be heavy in nitrogen, although a balanced type is often preferred. For instance, the best fertilizer for raspberry bushes is a 10-10-10 fertilizer or actual nitrogen at a rate of 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.3 kg.) per 100 feet (30.4 m.)

How do you make raspberries bigger? ›

How to Prune Raspberries for BIGGER Harvests! - YouTube

Should you cut down raspberry bushes in the fall? ›

Prune summer fruiting raspberries in the late summer or fall, after the berries have been harvested. Since these canes bear berries on second year growth, the aim is to prune out only those canes which have fruited this year (floricanes). You will leave this season's canes (primocanes) in place.

How long do raspberry plants live? ›

Individual raspberry plants live for an average of 10 years with proper care, each year growing new canes that will produce fruit their second year. However, raspberries also send out underground runners that will develop into new plants, so a patch of established plants could survive for many years.

How do you get rid of raspberry runners? ›

Raspberries spread by underground runners, so it helps to “wall” them off. Wherever new plants do pop up, pull them, getting as much of the roots as you can. You might also just mow or cut them down and pile heavy mulch on top. If you keep doing this, eventually the plants and roots will weaken.

Do you cut back everbearing raspberries? ›

Pruning Raspberry Bushes

Annual Pruning: A well pruned raspberry patch will be healthier and more fruitful because of better distribution of light, air movement, and pesticides. Hand held clippers and thick gloves are necessary when pruning. Everbearing second-year canes should be removed after fruiting in the spring.

What does everbearing raspberry mean? ›

Fall-bearing raspberries are also called “everbearing” because you can prune them in a way that they provide a small summer crop on the canes from the previous year, and a larger fall crop. If you plant both summer-bearing and fall- bearing types, you should not interplant them.

How do you winterize red raspberry bushes? ›

Wrap erect canes (canes that are not on a trellis) in two to three layers of burlap. Fold burlap over the top of the canes and secure it with twine. Remove trellised raspberry canes from their supports. Lay the canes gently on the ground and cover them with 3 to 4 inches of straw.

What can you not plant near raspberries? ›

Raspberries should not be planted alongside nightshades like eggplant, potato, or tomatoes, as they are particularly susceptible to blight and verticillium wilt. Avoid planting raspberries near similar crops like boysenberries, blackberries, or gooseberries to prevent the transfer of soil-borne fungal diseases.

Why do you have to plant blackberries away from raspberries? ›

However, some gardeners recommend against co-planting blackberries and raspberries because some varieties can be more susceptible to certain diseases or pests than others. For example, black raspberries are prone to anthracnose, a type of fungal disease. Red raspberries are less susceptible to anthracnose fungus.

Why are my red raspberries so small? ›

Poor pollination causes crumbly fruit because a full complement of drupelets fails to develop. Raspberries are self-fruitful, but bees are necessary to move pollen from the anthers to the stigma for full fruit set. Inadequate numbers of bees, both native and introduced, can cause small and crumbly fruit.

Videos

1. Q&A – How do I prune my new raspberry plants?
(Family Plot)
2. How To Prune Autumn Fruiting Raspberries
(Simplify Gardening)
3. PRUNING EVERBEARING RASPBERRIES | The 2 Methods
(Sanctuary Gardens)
4. How to Prune Raspberries! 🤤✂️❤️ // Garden Answer
(Garden Answer)
5. Tying Back Last Year’s Raspberry Canes For this Year’s Growth – Part 2 of 11
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6. Moving a Raspberry Patch!
(Flower Hill Farm)

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