How to Set up a Permaculture Farm in 9 Steps - Permaculture Apprentice (2022)

Now that I have several acres of countryside to steward, I’m feeling somewhat overwhelmed about where to begin. I’ve done my PDC and designed my permaculture farm, but now I have all these pieces that I somehow need to fit together and I need to prioritise my tasks.

The problem is that permaculture is a set of principles, not a framework. While it is certainly a process, it lacks a set of linear steps to follow. Clearly, what permaculture lacks is a clear decision-making process.

Taking a PDC doesn’t solve the issue, while it helps with the design phase and developing a site plan, what is frequently ignored is “how to install the design”.

It is most manageable when the design is implemented in stages which build upon each other. That’s why, having taken some time to read up more on the subject, I have created a multi-stage plan based upon the components of the ‘keyline scale of permanence’.

This helps me develop my design incrementally, envisage the ‘big picture’ and, most importantly, I have an order in which to establish my permaculture farm.

In this post, I’ll share some advice on beginning your farm development and on how to implement your design in stages. Even if you haven’t yet designed your property you can still follow the process. Let’s dive in.

Permaculture farm development and planning using the scale of permanence

One of the best tools for farm planning and development in our current permaculture toolbox is the Keyline Scale of Permanence. Developed by Australian agricultural designer, P.A. Yeomans, in the sixties, the scale facilitates prioritization and decision-making when planning fertile farm landscapes.

There are eight factors in the scale with climate, landscape, and water supply on the top, and roads, trees, buildings, fencing, and soils being at the ‘more flexible part of the scale’.

Yeomans used ‘relative permanence’ to discuss the time-scale element for each factor and how much energy we should expand upon them. For instance, roads will last longer and consume more energy to install than subdivisional fences, therefore fencing is lower on the scale.

Nowadays, there are many different versions of the keyline scale. For example, the Regrarian framework that Darren J. Dohertyteaches has some changes to the headings and suggests another two factors: energy and economy. David Holmgren and Bill Mollison in Permaculture One added microclimate, while VEG incorporates crops and animals into the scale.

The bottom line is that these are the components of the farm development you’ll need to consider. Let’s now put them in a logical order and group some of them for the purpose of establishing your permaculture farm.

Thinking about starting a permaculture farm? Skip the guesswork and use this free checklist as your reference.

1.Start with Good Maps and an Understanding of Your Local Climate

The most permanent agricultural factor is climate, and it is fundamental to every aspect of your farm. Temperature, insolation, wind, the annual distribution of humidity and rainfall – these are essentially ‘the rules of the game’, as Darren Doherty would put it.

(Video) 5 Essentials For Your First Permaculture Project

Geography concerns the location of your farm within the region, shape and form of the land, along with underlying rocks. If climate sets rules for the game, geography is the board on which you play.

These two factors form the environment into which you must place your permaculture farm. These are your design parameters – study them, gather the historical information, observe…

To quickly assess your climate, I recommend looking at the data for your location on theWeathersparkwebsite. Simply enter the nearby town or a city, and you’ll get a comprehensive climate report in seconds.

For a ‘good enough’ contour map of your property, you can useContour Map Creator. Follow the instructions and plot the contours, then download the KML file that’s been generated. Open that file inGoogle Earth, and voila, you have a topographic map toanalyse the landformand develop plans for the property.

2.Develop Water Supply First

In essence, water and rainfall will determine your permaculture farm’s development. The harvesting, storage and distribution of water form the foundation upon which you will build, because all the water lines: diversions, swales, terraces, dams/ponds, channels, will become permanent land features that other infrastructure components will follow.

When developing your water systems you will need to consider the storage, harvesting, and reticulation of the available water.

A) Water Storage

You can store water in ponds, dams, tanks, and cisterns. Which option will be feasible for you depends on your needs and the overall volume of water available from the watershed and other sources.

Regardless of the form, from a permaculture perspective, the best location for your water storage will be high in the landscape. To pinpoint if a site like that is available, you’ll need to use your topographic maps and analyze the contours.

With your water storage high in the landscape, you can deliver the water to your household or crops via gravity. With some plastic pipes going from the storage to various parts of your farm, you’ll create a water network that delivers water for free.

B) Water Harvesting

Once your water storage is ready, you need to develop and expand upon the methods of harvesting the water. Water wells can tap into underground aquifers; however, before going deep use the surface stream flows and rainfall-runoff to fill your water storage.

You can capture water with water harvesting drains that will divert the runoff, streamflow or pumped water into your ponds, and subsequently tanks.

Swales or ditches on contour can also overflow water into your ponds. And once installed, your roads themselves become a very important and efficient water harvesting system.

(Video) How to Start a Farm From Scratch (Beginner's Guide to Growing Vegetables for Profit)

C) Distribution of water

You should always aim to slow, spread and sink the rainfall you receive evenly across the landscape. This can be achieved by using keyline cultivation, a unique cultivation pattern which is an artificial water line, or by using swales. Both capture water, which then slowly infiltrates and hydrates the landscape.

You can also use gravity-powered irrigation to release the water stored in ponds and water tanks when necessary. The best location for your irrigation reticulation pipes is on ridges because, in this way, you’ll achieve maximum coverage of the foothills. Once your irrigation is established, other elements such as farm roads, trees and fencing will follow.

3.Define Access Points

Next, you’ll need to put in access roads, tracks, and paths, all of which are permanent features in the landscape and very important to consider early in the process. The placement of access points will define your movement around the farm.

The location of the access points is influenced by climate, land shape, and the water supply network you developed in the previous step. On gentler slopes, the location of the permanent farm roads is more subjective. However, as soon as you get into steeper terrain, the siting of the farm roads is heavily dependant on climate and land shape.

The best location for the main road is on the ridge crests, which divide watersheds – this road will be high and dry, and, most importantly, easy to maintain. Some other potential road locations are along boundary lines and by water channels such as diversion channels, irrigation channels, and irrigation areas.

Farm roads will also change the natural drainage pattern and also serve as hard surface runoff. You’ll want to place your roads on the contour to prevent the erosion and concentration of the runoff.

Thinking about starting a permaculture farm? Skip the guesswork and use this free checklist as your reference.

4.Restore Existing Buildings and Introduce New Structures

Now you have dealt with water and access and can move around, you can start the placement of buildings and other structures. In most cases, you’ll already have a house with a shed and a yard so you’ll first need to retrofit and adapt them to your needs.

You should always look after what you start with, then restore what you can, finally introducing new elements into the systems. You can start slowly from your house and work outwards – renovate the house first, perhaps extend it with a greenhouse, introduce plant nursery and keep on expanding….

When introducing new structures, their placement should follow earlier factors on the keyline scale, as these have already indicated the most suitable locations for the permanent farm buildings. Water supply is determined in relation to land shape and climate, farm roads are guided by the positioning of the water supply, and so on. All of which will disclose the suitable locations for your farm structures, buildings or other elements.

With this in mind, your buildings shouldn’t be overly exposed and they should have good solar access and protection from the winds, ideally on a slope. If you’re building sheds or other structures, try to position them higher than the house in order to utilize their water tanks for a gravity-fed water source for your home.

Another aspect to consider at this stage is your energy needs; the generation and storage of that energy. Every household needs energy to provide heat, hot water, and power your electrical devices: i.e. to maintain a basic standard of living. You’ll probably require the building or introduction of some energy producing or harvesting structures to fulfil those needs.

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5.Subdivide Your Permaculture Farm With Fencing

Fences can be also considered as a part of the infrastructure but they are less permanent than other infrastructure components. Although they come later in the scale of permanence, if you already have an idea where they should go, now’s the time to put down your permanent and fixed fencing.

You can consider flexible and mobile fencing later, once the animals are introduced into the system: you should be adaptable to take advantage of different opportunities as they appear. For the moment, just consider the fences that will be a permanent feature of your farm, along with boundaries that will be permanently planted, such as living fences and hedges.

The easiest way to subdivide your farm is to work in accordance with more permanent infrastructure elements. All such factors will clearly indicate the pattern of the subdivision. Your main fences will generally be closely associated with the roads and follow their pattern, enclosing the paddocks and planting areas. Your farm zones can also offer useful guidance for subdividing your property.

6.Improve Your Soil

Although soil is the last factor in keyline scale of permanence, because poor soil can be quickly changed into fertile soil, it’s of primary importance in any agricultural development.

For this reason, when developing a farm, you should be building your soil as soon as you are able. The goal is to improve the fertility of the soil in order for it to provide the maximum benefits when first planting your crops.

Simple techniques can be used to build soil and you can begin the soil conditioning in the earthworks (infrastructure) stage. This can include keyline ploughing, cover cropping, mulching, erosion control, and even the starting of microbial inoculation through biofertilizers and compost teas.

This is a necessary step prior to planting because it will improve the growth of your plants. Later, when good grazing practices are introduced, subsoil can be transformed into topsoil even more rapidly and you can increase soil fertility with less energy input.

Soil life requires air, water and minerals, living biology in and on the soil and intermittent disturbance regimes. If you create these conditions the soil’s life will respond, and start creating humus. For a better understanding on how to improve the soils read my definitive guide on building deep rich soils by imitating nature.

7.Plant Trees and Crops

Now that you’ve got your soil and water supply ready and ensured an easily accessible property, the next stage is the planting and establishment of the main systems of the farm – savannahs, orchards, woodlots, farm forestry, pastures, market gardens etc.

In most cases, you should begin by establishing windbreaks for the protection of your plantings. Once you have this ready you can start planting trees, woody crops, and annual and perennial plants. In doing so, you might wish to focus on establishing pastures and annual croplands prior to planting tree-based systems. This will provide a source of income and a quick return on your investment in time and money.

When it comes to tree planting, in general, the pattern should be based on the shape of the land. For example, in the case of keyline plan, farm forests are contour strips that predominately follow the patterns of water harvesting/distribution channels, as well as the roads, all of which are determined by the land shape. For a typical keyline layout take a look at Mark Shepard’s New Forest Farm or Grant Schultz’s Versaland.

In a nutshell, your desired tree density determines which of the tree-based systems you’ll adopt. Food forests are denser while savannahs are more open and, for each of these systems, you’ll need a different approach. I have previously outlined the approach for establishing a food forest and, in case you missed it, you can read my step-by-step guide here.

(Video) Why Permaculture Principles in Your Life will Create a More Sustainable Future with David Holmgren

Thinking about starting a permaculture farm? Skip the guesswork and use this FREE Checklist as your reference.

8.Introduce Animals

Animals are an integral part of the agricultural enterprise and regenerative ecology. They are key to the maturation of any perennial systems because no ecosystem can reach its full potential without animals. The natural progression is to introduce your animals once you have established your seedling trees. Nonetheless, animals can be introduced at the same time as your plants, although this will place additional pressure on your funds.

When starting out, consider pigs and chickens. They are easier to care for, have a quick turnaround to get your cash flow going and they are omnivores – giving you more feeding options. Temporary fencing will give you the flexibility to move them around, to protect your trees and other plants, and you can also use them for animal tractoring for an additional boost to the fertility.

You can introduce the big herbivores later and, with good grazing practices such as planned grazing, increase your fertility even further. With properly maintained livestock and living soils, you can complete the cycle and be permanently transforming subsoil into topsoil.

9.Develop Permaculture Farm Economy

Once you got your farm up and running it’s time to deal with the financial aspects and expand your influence in the local community.

Making your farm financially sustainable is entirely dependant on your ability to create a narrative about your farm. You should always aim at developing a personal relationship with your customers. This has never been easier, you can utilize simple and free marketing techniques such social media tools to make those personal connections.

However, doing this is one thing, and producing a product that the consumer really wants and then delivering it is another. The markets are very dynamic, and are constantly changing and evolving over time. However, the good news is that market analysis, and your access to these markets, are also only a few clicks away. Setting up an e-commerce site such as Shopify and selling directly to a consumer really changes the approach to selling.

Conclusion

Establishing a permaculture farm is a long process and the stages of your farm development are entirely dependent on your economic conditions. You might be forced to skip some of the steps and return to them later once you have acquired enough funds to express your capital.

Please feel free to disregard whatever is inapplicable to your site and remember that this is just one way of developing your farm.

Make sure that you download the FREE checklist to aid you in the process.

P.S.Have you started setting up your farm? What problems have you encountered? Let me know in the comment section below.

I read every comment and always respond to questions.

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FAQs

How much does a permaculture farm cost? ›

You can spend $100,000 building a house or you can build one for $5,000, or, even better, live in a teepee or camper. There is a 20-fold saving factor right there. You can choose to spend a little or a lot, it's all about your preferred style.

How do you make a permaculture? ›

How to Start a Permaculture Garden in 8 Steps
  1. Acquaint yourself with your surroundings. ...
  2. Choose plants based on your environment. ...
  3. Design your garden layout. ...
  4. Build your garden beds. ...
  5. Plant your permaculture garden. ...
  6. Add a layer of organic mulch to the topsoil. ...
  7. Add compost without disturbing the soil.
7 Jun 2021

What is an example of permaculture? ›

Examples include buildings that support outside plant life, backyard and balcony gardens, and energy-saving green initiatives such as the installation of gray water reclamation systems. The permaculture movement has its critics.

How can I start a permaculture farm in India? ›

Is permaculture farming profitable? ›

The profit potential under permaculture can be estimated from the fact that another older technique, which also relies on local inputs, is giving farmers good dividends. Permaculture follows several principles that are a part of India's traditional methods of farming.

What are the 12 principles of permaculture? ›

The 12 design principles of permaculture
  • Observe and Interact with Nature. ...
  • Catch and Store Energy. ...
  • Obtain a Yield. ...
  • Apply Self Regulation and Accept Feedback. ...
  • Use and Value Renewable Resources. ...
  • Produce No Waste. ...
  • Design From Patterns to Details. ...
  • Integrate Rather Than Segregate.
21 Aug 2022

Where do I start with permaculture? ›

Starting your permaculture garden
  • Learn your garden conditions. ...
  • Choose your plants based on the growing conditions available to you, and what's in season. ...
  • Lay out your permaculture garden based on your space and your chosen plants. ...
  • Feed your soil by sheet mulching ahead of planting.
13 Jul 2021

How long does it take to create a permaculture garden? ›

For a food forest to reach full maturity at every layer it can take several years. However, the lower 3 layers of the system referred to as the Ground Cover Layer, Root Layer, and the Vine Layer can reach full maturity in a few weeks to months and provide an abundant yield.

What is a holistic permaculture farm? ›

It is the harmonious integration of the landscape with people providing their food, energy, shelter and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable way.” In other words, permaculture is a holistic, living-in-harmony-with-nature worldview, as well as technical approach for how to do so.

What is permaculture easy words? ›

Definition Of Permaculture

Permaculture can be understood as the growth of agricultural ecosystems in a self-sufficient and sustainable way. This form of agriculture draws inspiration from nature to develop synergetic farming systems based on crop diversity, resilience, natural productivity, and sustainability.

What is the difference between agriculture and permaculture? ›

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating food for human consumption. Permaculture is “permanent agriculture” and integrates ecosystem patterns to improve the ethics and sustainability of farming practices. Depending on the scale, certain agricultural practices have environmental implications.

What is permaculture farming PDF? ›

Permaculture can be understood as the growth of agricultural ecosystems in a self-sufficient and sustainable way. This form of agriculture draws inspiration from nature to develop synergetic farming systems based on crop diversity, resilience, natural productivity, and sustainability.

How much do permaculture designers make? ›

Permaculture Designers in America make an average salary of $65,572 per year or $32 per hour. The top 10 percent makes over $111,000 per year, while the bottom 10 percent under $38,000 per year.

Is permaculture a science? ›

Permaculture is an applied science, it is concerned with using technologies, explained or unexplained but proven to work by human experience (from different cultures all around the world), to solve specific problems in a sustainable way.

How do I start a permaculture farm? ›

Setting Up A Permaculture Farm, Garden On Your Own
  1. Understanding your locality:
  2. Defining the access points:
  3. Development of fences to divide the farm internally:
  4. Improvement of soil:
  5. Plantation of crops and also trees:
  6. Introduction of animals in the landscape:
  7. Developing the economy of the farm:
22 Feb 2019

Why is permaculture better than agriculture? ›

In permaculture, the people contribute in their daily life toward the production of their food and other needs. Instead of a culture of lawn, we build a culture of food production and outdoor living. Permaculture is more holistic, it looks at the whole culture of food and exercise a healthy livelihood.

Why do we need permaculture? ›

The main benefits of permaculture were identified as improved human health, increased resilience to environmental changes, and reduction of input costs. The key challenges included high labour input, infestation of pests and diseases, and lack of knowledge on permaculture practices.

What are the three ethics of permaculture? ›

Central to permaculture are the three ethics

The ethics earth care, people care and fair share form the foundation for permaculture design and are also found in most traditional societies.

How many acres do you need for permaculture? ›

To establish a self-seeding, low-maintenance, backyard food forest capable of feeding you and your family, you would probably need around 1/30th of an acre per person, which is 1450 square feet or 38 by 38 feet. This figure is based on 2000lbs (900kgs) of fresh produce per person per year.

What is the difference between permaculture and organic farming? ›

In permaculture gardening, energy is transferred from one source to another before leaving the system entirely. Whereas, with organic gardening, since fertilizers are used, the waste from one plant becomes food for another organism.

How do I turn my yard into a permaculture garden? ›

Convert Your Lawn to a No-Till Permaculture Garden
  1. Step 1: Smother the Lawn. ...
  2. Step 2: Add Layers of Brown and Green Organic Matter. ...
  3. Step 3: Plant Strong-Rooted Crops the First Year. ...
  4. Step 4: Shape the Soil into Raised Beds. ...
  5. Step 5: Continue the Composting Process. ...
  6. Step 6: Deter Weeds in the Walkways and Around the Borders.
29 Jun 2016

What is a permaculture no-till garden? ›

In the no-till world, instead of mixing amendments deep into the soil, slow-release organic fertilizers, compost, and/or mulch materials are added to the top of the soil on occasion. Those things, along with the left-behind plant roots, slowly break down to rejuvenate the soil and provide food for new plants.

How do you build a soil permaculture? ›

One of the easiest is using lawn grass clippings, leaves, straw or cover crops and, of course, compost. The mulch is then left on the surface to decompose. Adding this layer of organic matter and spreading it is, in effect, 'composting in place', where the garden beds become large composting areas.

How do you sheet mulch a permaculture? ›

  1. Step 1: Plan the Plot. A great garden starts with good planning. ...
  2. Step 2: Collect the Materials. ...
  3. Step 3: Lay Out the Shape of the Area to Be Sheet Mulched. ...
  4. Step 4: Water the Soil Until it Can Hold No More. ...
  5. Step 5: Trample the Vegetation! ...
  6. Step 11: Carbon Layer. ...
  7. Step 12: The Aesthetic Layer. ...
  8. Step 13: The Plant Layer.

What is a food forest in permaculture? ›

What is a Food Forest? A food forest mimics a forest edge that is planted with edible plants. Picture all of the vertical layers of a forest growing together: Tall trees, small trees, shrubs, herbs, and ground covers. Tall, canopy trees grow inward from the edge.

Can permaculture feed the world? ›

In some areas that's enough for a lot of people to live off of, such as the tropics, and in other areas they might need a little more, but in most areas that will be a surplus of land. The answer is that of course permaculture can feed the world.

Is permaculture a pseudoscience? ›

In effect, permaculture has largely been an independent grassroots movement, isolated from academic and scientific entities. Though permaculture claims to be a design science, many have labeled permaculture as a pseudoscience (Ferguson, 2014a).

What are the strengths of permaculture? ›

Permaculture boosts health across three needs: physical, mental, and spiritual. Physical health is improved because of cleaner air and water, and foods that taste better with a higher nutritional value grown organically.

Why is it called permaculture? ›

Permaculture was conceived and developed in the 1970s by co-workers Bill Mollinson and David Holmgren in Australia. Originally the term was a contraction of “Permanent Agriculture” for that is what it was, the design and implementation of permanent (sustainable) agricultural systems.

Is permaculture a lifestyle? ›

While growing food is certainly part of what permaculturalists do, it hardly encapsulates what permaculture is. For those who are deeply involved, permaculture is a way of life, one that involves careful consideration and design to coexist harmoniously with the planet and the other people on it.

What are permaculture methods? ›

Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single product system.

What does Perma mean in permaculture? ›

Permaculture is a philosophy for a sustainable, holistic lifestyle. Ecological researcher and writer, Bill Mollison and David Holmgren coined the term in 1978. They combined the words permanent and agriculture to create permaculture as a system of ecological farming.

What is the synonym of permaculture? ›

In this page you can discover 3 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for permaculture, like: eco-building, agroforestry and perma-culture.

What is a permaculture design? ›

Permaculture is design – a conscious process involving the placement and planning of elements, things and processes in relationship to each other. As such it is a way of thinking, and it is our thought patterns that determine our actions, so permaculture becomes a way of living.

Is regenerative farming the same as permaculture? ›

Regenerative agriculture is different from permaculture as it consists of a much more comprehensive process of integrating all human activities (including agriculture) into the environment; by doing so through sustainable development and alongside the rules of natural ecosystems.

Is agroforestry part of permaculture? ›

Permaculture, closely related to food forests and agroforestry, is a design philosophy that approaches agriculture from the viewpoint of self-sufficiency. It is an agricultural principle that uses the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems and works with nature rather than against it.

What is Permaculture PPT? ›

Permaculture is a design system Permanent agriculture / permanent culture. Permaculture: The conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems to create the diversity, stability and resilience of natural ecosystems.

What is the approach of permaculture to nutrient management? ›

The Permaculture approach to nutrient management is thoughtful of its approach to energy management. Just as permaculture design strategies endeavor to achieve the maximum cycling of energy within the system, nutrients too are a resource that should not be “lost” from the system.

How can I do permaculture at home? ›

Preparation of a Permaculture Garden
  1. Slash the weeds and drop them to the ground. Then sheet mulch it to prevent them re-growing.
  2. No cultivation is necessary. Feed from the top; straw, manure, minerals, let it feed itself. Essentially let the worms and the soil life do the cultivation.
19 Feb 2005

How do I turn my yard into a permaculture garden? ›

Convert Your Lawn to a No-Till Permaculture Garden
  1. Step 1: Smother the Lawn. ...
  2. Step 2: Add Layers of Brown and Green Organic Matter. ...
  3. Step 3: Plant Strong-Rooted Crops the First Year. ...
  4. Step 4: Shape the Soil into Raised Beds. ...
  5. Step 5: Continue the Composting Process. ...
  6. Step 6: Deter Weeds in the Walkways and Around the Borders.
29 Jun 2016

What is permaculture and how does it work? ›

It is the harmonious integration of the landscape with people providing their food, energy, shelter and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable way.” In other words, permaculture is a holistic, living-in-harmony-with-nature worldview, as well as technical approach for how to do so.

What should be in a permaculture garden? ›

A permaculture garden provides food and medicinal crops, wildlife habitats, crafting materials, an attractive appearance, and a private, relaxing atmosphere throughout every season. These types of gardens produce food by using a variety of vegetables, herbs, fruits, and flowers.

What is a permaculture no till garden? ›

In the no-till world, instead of mixing amendments deep into the soil, slow-release organic fertilizers, compost, and/or mulch materials are added to the top of the soil on occasion. Those things, along with the left-behind plant roots, slowly break down to rejuvenate the soil and provide food for new plants.

How do you build a soil permaculture? ›

One of the easiest is using lawn grass clippings, leaves, straw or cover crops and, of course, compost. The mulch is then left on the surface to decompose. Adding this layer of organic matter and spreading it is, in effect, 'composting in place', where the garden beds become large composting areas.

How do you Sheet mulch a permaculture? ›

  1. Step 1: Plan the Plot. A great garden starts with good planning. ...
  2. Step 2: Collect the Materials. ...
  3. Step 3: Lay Out the Shape of the Area to Be Sheet Mulched. ...
  4. Step 4: Water the Soil Until it Can Hold No More. ...
  5. Step 5: Trample the Vegetation! ...
  6. Step 11: Carbon Layer. ...
  7. Step 12: The Aesthetic Layer. ...
  8. Step 13: The Plant Layer.

What is a food forest in permaculture? ›

What is a Food Forest? A food forest mimics a forest edge that is planted with edible plants. Picture all of the vertical layers of a forest growing together: Tall trees, small trees, shrubs, herbs, and ground covers. Tall, canopy trees grow inward from the edge.

How deep should a no dig bed be? ›

The key is adding a 'thick' layer. It needs to be 3-6″ initially and then a further 2″ each year. A light sprinkling will have little to no effect so you need to go big with this one. It may be best to order a few tonnes of compost to get yourself started even with a smaller bed.

Will roots grow through cardboard? ›

Will roots grow through cardboard? Yes, roots can grow through cardboard, but only in certain conditions. 'Firstly, the cardboard must be moist enough to allow the roots to penetrate it. Second, the cardboard should be placed in a place where there is no light or air circulation,' Melody says.

Should I put cardboard in my garden? ›

Why use cardboard in a garden? It's a great mulch, and prevents weeds from sprouting. Decomposing cardboard adds organic matter to the soil, improving your garden's drainage and boosting nutrient levels.

What are the three ethics of permaculture? ›

Central to permaculture are the three ethics

The ethics earth care, people care and fair share form the foundation for permaculture design and are also found in most traditional societies.

What is the difference between permaculture and organic farming? ›

In permaculture gardening, energy is transferred from one source to another before leaving the system entirely. Whereas, with organic gardening, since fertilizers are used, the waste from one plant becomes food for another organism.

What is a permaculture lifestyle? ›

Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single product system.

Videos

1. How to become a Professional Permaculture Teacher: Permaculture Masterclass #14 with Morag Gamble
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4. 7 Ways To Make Money In Permaculture
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5. My Visual Soil Health Assessment Process
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