What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (2022)

If you’re a farmer hoping to transition to a more eco-friendly, ethical, and sustainable method of caring for your land, permaculture farming is for you!

The term was coined in 1978 by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren as they combined the words permanent and agriculture to create a system of ecological farming: permaculture.

The philosophy is intended to work with nature instead of against it and encourage wild ecosystems to regenerate on their own.

In this blog, we’ll discuss what you need to know about permaculture farming if you intend to practice it.

Let’s get started.

1. What is permaculture?

Permaculture is defined as “an approach to land management and philosophy that adopts arrangements observed in flourishing natural ecosystems.”

The design principles used in permaculture originate from whole systems thinking, including regenerative agriculture, rewilding, and community resilience.

The term was first used by David Holmgren in 1978, but the practices of permaculture date back much further.

Its three core principles include:

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (1)Care for the Earth: This system makes it essential that we help all life continue to exist and multiply because, without a healthy planet, humans cannot exist at all.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (2)Care for the people: This system allows people to access the resources that they need to survive.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (3)Promotes fair share: This system deems that you only take what you need and reinvest any surplus.

Any surplus should go toward helping to fulfill the two other core tenants above.

Waste products should be returned to the system so that they can be made useful again.

Permaculture has a variety of branches including ecological design, ecological engineering, regenerative design, environmental design, and construction.

It’s gained ground throughout the world as an agricultural design system and guiding life principle or philosophy.

In the next section, we’ll discuss how it specifically applies to farming.

2. What is permaculture farming?

Permaculture farming and its principles provide a way for farmers to achieve high yields and productivity in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way.

The philosophy applies a more holistic approach to farming crops and livestock.

3. What are the 12 principles of permaculture?

Permaculture strives to work with nature instead of against it.

Instead of tearing up the natural ecosystem and turning it into a blank slate so that we can plant crops or raise livestock, we should use the 12 principles of permaculture.

Here’s what you should keep in mind if you’re interested in using permaculture farming on your land.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (4)Observe and interact: Before making any decisions, take time to observe nature and gain insight on how to farm, garden, or ranch.

This will ensure that whatever decisions you make suit what’s already there.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (5)Catch and store energy: Permaculture relies on capturing resources like rainwater or solar electricity so it can be used as needed.

Be sure to note when your area will get a lot of sunlight (summer) or rain (rainy seasons).

This way, you’ll always have resources when necessary.

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What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (6)Obtain and yield: Farming is unlikely to be just a hobby.

You’ll want food production, income, or something else in return.

Make sure you’re getting something for all the work that you’re putting in.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (7)Apply self-regulation and accept feedback:Hold yourself accountable and be open to suggestions from others as well.

Permaculture requires that you know how to self-regulate and adjust if something isn’t working well for your land.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (8) Use and value renewable resources and services: Nature provides lots of renewable resources that are available for us to use.

By prioritizing these, we should be able to reduce the consumption of non-renewable resources.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (9)Produce no waste: “Zero waste” is a trend that started with permaculture.

By placing value on our natural resources and using them wisely, we can ensure that nothing goes to waste.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (10)Design from natural patterns: Use nature to inspire your own designs.

For example, a snail shell or beehive are beautifully desired by nature, and you can use these to spark your own creativity.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (11)Integrate rather than segregate: Permaculture strives to make things work together and relate to one another.

This helps your whole system work.

By pairing different plants, livestock, and other objects together correctly, you’ll be able to take advantage of the relationships they have with each other.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (12)Use small and slow solutions: Permaculture works to make gradual changes and create a more sustainable outcome.

It isn’t about making changes overnight, but rather about making changes that are easy to maintain.

Permaculture’s motto is “slow and steady wins the race.”

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (13)Use and value diversity: While conventional farming emphasizes monoculture (growing only one or two crops), permaculture values diversity.

A diversity system is less vulnerable to pests, diseases, and other general issues than a homogenous one.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (14)Use edges and value the marginal: Permaculture says that where two different things meet, the most interesting stuff happens.

This is the most productive and diverse part of the whole system.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (15)Creatively use and respond to change: Change is inevitable in any system.

Making careful observations and anticipations about what that change will be can help you to respond accordingly in a permaculture system when it occurs.

4. What are the benefits of permaculture farming?

Are you wondering why someone may switch to permaculture farming when conventional practices are so widely used?

Here are some of the top benefits and why you should consider switching.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (16)Reduced water usage: Are you looking to save on your water bills?

Permaculture farming is the way to do it!

This is worthwhile for small and large farms alike.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (17)Cost-effective: Permaculture is a cost-effective alternative to growing plants or crops.

Due to its zero-waste philosophy, you won’t need to spend money on things like pesticides or fertilizers.

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You’ll also save money on water, mulch, and labor because of how low maintenance it is.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (18) Reduced waste: In a system using permaculture farming, nothing goes to waste.

You’ll be able to use garden waste, leaves, table scraps, and other waste products as fertilizer or food for livestock.

Depending on how motivated you are by the permaculture farming principles, you may strive to live a truly zero waste lifestyle and make use of all your waste products.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (19) Self-sustaining system: In permaculture, nature does most of the work.

Modifying your current conventional system to make it more natural allows it to become a self-sustaining system.

This is beneficial to you because it will require less maintenance overall.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (20) Less pollution: Overall, permaculture is more natural than traditional farming as it rarely utilizes any motorized farm equipment.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (21) Fewer toxins: Because permaculture farming employs natural fertilizers and pest control methods, you aren’t exposed to all the chemicals that you otherwise would be with traditional pesticides and other artificial products.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (22) More self-sufficiency: Permaculture allows for greater diversity on any given plot of land.

This means that farmers and gardens can raise different types of crops and grow whatever they want to or need to eat.

You’ll be able to either sell what you don’t need or learn how to preserve your crops for later use.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (23) Applicable to existing systems: If you have an existing system that you’d like to transition to permaculture farming, it’s absolutely possible!

Anywhere you grow food can be used for permaculture whether it’s small scale or large scale.

5. What are common permaculture practices?

Permaculture farming can be practiced through a variety of techniques.

Here are some of the common subcategories of permaculture that you should learn about while you’re exploring the topic.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (24)Agroforestry
What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (25)Hügelkultur
What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (26)Harvesting rainwater and greywater
What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (27)Cell grazing
What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (28)Sheet mulching
What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (29)Natural building
What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (30)No-till or minimum-till farming

6. What are permaculture design principles?

The following permaculture design principles are intended to keep modern farming methods streamlined with nature.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (31)Zones: This design principle involves the division of areas on a farm based on both the movement and the amount of human attention required for different areas.

For example, if a permaculture farm was a circle and the farm was in the middle, you would divide the farm into zones of concentric rings moving out from the center.

The higher the human traffic required from the activity, the closer the zone would need to be to the center.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (32)Sectors: This design principle is another method of arranging the location of farming activities.

This time, you base the flow of necessary energies and resources from a given point (ex: a farmhouse).

If the farm was shaped like a pizza, then each triangular slice is a sector radiating from the center.

Permaculturists attempt to arrange farm activities so that each area has easy access to the center.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (33) Relative location: This design principle involves thoughtfully planning both zones and sectors based on where they are in relation to each other.

While planning, permaculturists will aim to position these elements in a way to maximize energy usage and minimize waste.

For example, they may plant downhill from a pond which will allow easy irrigation without the need for a pumping system.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (34)Single element with multiple functions: This design principle seeks to maximize efficiency by placing farm elements in a way that encourages the performance of multiple functions.

For example, a properly positioned pond can supply both irrigation and fencing in livestock.

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What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (35)Single functions from multiple elements: This design principle is focused on function and making sure multiple elements supply it.

It’s the “backup plan” built into different farming procedures.

For example, you may back up feed crops with edible food forests or fruit trees, or use a pond to help irrigate during the drought.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (36)Energy efficiency: Permaculture, as a philosophy, calls for the input of as little energy as necessary from outside of the farm.

Thus, the more energy-efficient you can make your design the better.

Including any solar or wind power in the design of your farm is preferable as it helps ensure that very little is wasted.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (37) Biological resources: This design element promotes more efficient, non-human elements; for example, the use of animals for tasks, weed control, pest control, and fertilizer production.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (38)Plant succession: This design principle states that plant populations develop over time and transform from fields and weeds to progressively larger plants.

Eventually, they will develop into a forest, and permaculturists should plant a variety of perennial crops and cover crops to accommodate this.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (39)Nutrient recycling: This design principle uses the ecosystem within the farm to replenish nutrients instead of relying on imports.

For example, composting organic matter and using manure as fertilizer would be an example of nutrient recycling in permaculture farming.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (40)Diversity: This design principle encourages a variety of different crops and farm animals to prevent farmers from becoming dependent on a single product.

Should the market or prices fluctuate or there be a breed-specific illness, there’s less likely to be a catastrophic result.

7. What’s the difference between organic gardening and permaculture farming?

As you begin to hear about permaculture gardening, your first thought may be, “That sounds like you’re just farming organically.”

Yet, permaculture gardening is a lot more than just an organic garden.

In the following points, we’ll explain just some of the key ways that organic gardening and permaculture farming differ.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (41) Permaculture uses organic gardening and farming practices, but goes beyond these practices.

The garden and home are integrated into everyday life, which ultimately creates less of an impact on the environment.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (42)Permaculture farming is not always strictly organic because it prioritizes using local resources rather than importing certified organic resources.

There may be instances where the designer will want to increase the diversity and bring in unusual plants/seeds from another source that are not organic.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (43)Permaculture farming aims to close the fertilizer loop by using waste products that are already within the system.

By doing this, it also reduces the dependence on inputs, creates healthy soil, and diversifies the products of the system.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (44)Permaculture farming is responsible for its waste.

It avoids releasing excess nitrogen into water systems and weed seed into natural systems.

By not polluting the natural environment, it’s an overall much healthier system.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (45)Permaculture farming uses design principles to minimize gardener chores and energy input.

Permaculturists do not go out of their way to work hard, but instead, they are motivated by the ability to reduce their ecological footprint and develop a varied healthy lifestyle.

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (46)Permaculture farming aims to imitate nature, and visually, this is the most noticeable difference between organic gardening and permaculture.

In permaculture, there is a more complex use of space as there is rarely bare soil or plants in rows.

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What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (47)Permaculture aims to harvest and maximize water, sun, and other energies.

You’ll often see permaculturists use wind, dust, leaves, and bird droppings.

Final thoughts

Permaculture farming is an intentional system of agriculture and settlement that’s often seen as a contrast to intensive agriculture.

If you want to avoid leaving your land unfit for farming or human habitation, then this could be the perfect fit for your land.

The permaculture ethic is a combination of several disciplines, including organic farming, agroforestry, integrated farming, sustainable development, and applied ecology.

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What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (50)

What Is Permaculture Farming? 7 Things (2022) You Should Know (51)

I hope you enjoy reading this post. Don't forget to check out my new book: Land Investing Mistakes -Erika

Disclaimer: we are not lawyers, accountants or financial advisors and the information in this article is for informational purposes only. This article is based on our own research and experience and we do our best to keep it accurate and up-to-date, but it may contain errors. Please be sure to consult a legal or financial professional before making any investment decisions.

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Erika

Erika is a former Affordable Housing Director for the City of New York turned full-time Land Investor. She used to help New Yorkers find affordable housing, now she helps people find affordable land around the US.

Prior to starting Gokce Capital, Erika received a Bachelor of Architecture from the University of Southern California and a graduate degree in Urban Policy from Columbia University. She worked as both an architectural designer and engineer in New York before joining the New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development.

Erika currently lives in the New York Metropolitan area with her spouse, daughter and cat. She is originally from Chicago and still considers herself a midwesterner at heart.

Erika also loves to read, write and travel (fun fact, she has visited all 50 states and more than 30 countries!). Her new book, Land Investing Mistakes: 11 True Stories You Need To Know Before Buying Land, is now available on Amazon.

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FAQs

What is an example of permaculture? ›

Examples include buildings that support outside plant life, backyard and balcony gardens, and energy-saving green initiatives such as the installation of gray water reclamation systems. The permaculture movement has its critics.

How is permaculture farming? ›

Permaculture can be understood as the growth of agricultural ecosystems in a self-sufficient and sustainable way. This form of agriculture draws inspiration from nature to develop synergetic farming systems based on crop diversity, resilience, natural productivity, and sustainability.

What are the basics of permaculture? ›

The three basic permaculture ethics are: Care for the Earth, care for people, and take only your fair share (and return any surplus).

How is permaculture different from organic gardening? ›

In permaculture gardening, energy is transferred from one source to another before leaving the system entirely. Whereas, with organic gardening, since fertilizers are used, the waste from one plant becomes food for another organism.

What is a permaculture lifestyle? ›

It is the harmonious integration of the landscape with people providing their food, energy, shelter and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable way.” In other words, permaculture is a holistic, living-in-harmony-with-nature worldview, as well as technical approach for how to do so.

What is the difference between natural farming and permaculture? ›

A farm is an energy source. Whereas, a permaculture site creates an energy loop. The farms nutrients are shipped off to market forever and so there is constant need to regenerate the soil through good soil-building practices and importing resources.

Where do I start with permaculture? ›

Starting your permaculture garden
  • Learn your garden conditions. ...
  • Choose your plants based on the growing conditions available to you, and what's in season. ...
  • Lay out your permaculture garden based on your space and your chosen plants. ...
  • Feed your soil by sheet mulching ahead of planting.
Jul 13, 2021

What is the goal of permaculture? ›

Permaculture aims to create stable, productive systems that provide for human needs, harmoniously integrating the land with people. The ecological processes of plants, animals, water, weather and nutrient cycles are integrated with human needs and technologies for food, energy, shelter and infrastructure.

What are the 12 principles of permaculture? ›

The 12 design principles of permaculture
  • Observe and Interact with Nature. ...
  • Catch and Store Energy. ...
  • Obtain a Yield. ...
  • Apply Self Regulation and Accept Feedback. ...
  • Use and Value Renewable Resources. ...
  • Produce No Waste. ...
  • Design From Patterns to Details. ...
  • Integrate Rather Than Segregate.

What is the no dig method? ›

In a no-dig regime, weeds are controlled by shallow hoeing, hand weeding, contact weedkillers and mulching. Debris is gathered up rather than dug in. Mulches are taken into the soil by soil organisms, and fertilisers are washed in by rain.

How do you prepare soil permaculture? ›

5 Ways To Prep Garden Beds For Permaculture - YouTube

What's the difference between agriculture and permaculture? ›

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating food for human consumption. Permaculture is “permanent agriculture” and integrates ecosystem patterns to improve the ethics and sustainability of farming practices. Depending on the scale, certain agricultural practices have environmental implications.

How do you make a permaculture raised bed? ›

Build a Lazy Bed for Growing Food (No Dig Permaculture Raised Bed)

What are permaculture methods? ›

Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single product system.

What is the purpose of permaculture? ›

Permaculture aims to create stable, productive systems that provide for human needs, harmoniously integrating the land with people. The ecological processes of plants, animals, water, weather and nutrient cycles are integrated with human needs and technologies for food, energy, shelter and infrastructure.

What's the difference between agriculture and permaculture? ›

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating food for human consumption. Permaculture is “permanent agriculture” and integrates ecosystem patterns to improve the ethics and sustainability of farming practices. Depending on the scale, certain agricultural practices have environmental implications.

Looking at buying a parcel of vacant land to farm crops or raise animals? You have three options - a ranch, farm or homestead - here are the differences.

If you’re looking to live on land that you’re purchasing, why not create a ranch, farm, or homestead?. A farm is an area of land used for growing crops and rearing animals for profit .. While there is no official definition of a ranch, it is generally considered a place where livestock are grown and grazed to produce meat and other products.. Because some farmers raise animals to produce meat and ranchers do the same, you may not see the immediate difference between the two.. Since many homesteads do produce crops or livestock, they can often meet the official definition of a farm.. However, the purpose of homesteading, as the term is commonly used today, is to live off the land and create a self-sufficient and sustainable life.. Homesteads are about being able to support yourself and your family based on what you make on the land and are generally not focused on producing agricultural goods for sale .. While most farms make less than $10,000 in sales a year , the primary purpose of many farms is to generate at least some income from the crops or animal products that are produced on the land.. Having said this, there are many farmers who both live on their land and use it to produce income.. That said, hobby farming differs from homesteading because hobby farmers are generally not using the land to support themselves.. Homesteaders will need healthy soil if they intend to grow crops on their land, but many homesteads are also built on land with lower-quality soil and fewer resources.. Homesteaders have more flexibility and may choose to grow crops that work in the type of soil that they have or to raise livestock instead.. For more information on buying, selling, or investing in vacant land, check out our other resources below.

Learn the 12 design principles of permaculture and how to implement and apply these principles to benefit your garden, homestead and life.

But first you have to understand what the principles of permaculture are and, of course, what permaculture is!. time, energy and resources).. Permaculture design can be applied to everything from our gardens to our homes to our communities and even ourselves.. Your property can produce food (both garden vegetables and weeds) that can feed your chickens and your compost pile, and then your chickens and your compost pile will produce fertilizer which can then feed your garden.. Perennial plants and trees are renewable, along with the yields they produce.. Likewise, when changing anything on your homestead, start by observing and making small changes over time.. Try growing just a few plants next year while dedicating most of your growing space to tried and true crops.. Always work with nature, never against her.. Every gardener knows that no two growing seasons are the same.. Ideally, the five zones are set as concentric circles with your home being the centre point, or “Zone 0.” Immediately next to Zone 0 is Zone 1, which would be the next most highly trafficked area, and then Zone 3, Zone 4 and finally Zone 5 is the zone you visit the least (typically the farthest zone from your house).. Zone 1 This zone requires the most thought because, aside from Zone 0, it’s the one you will frequent most often.. Zone 6, 7, 8, 9 and so on… While there are 5 “true” zones in permaculture, the zones could technically keep going forever.. Do you practice permaculture principles on your own homestead or in your life?

Ever since the merger of Indian Forest Service (IFoS) prelims with the Civil services (IAS/IPS) prelim exam, there has been a peculiar trend of questions from environment and Agriculture

UPSC Prelim-2021 Answerkey: Agriculture section Agriculture MCQs from UPSC Prelims 2021. Agriculture in Prelim 2015 to 2019Prelim-2020: Continuity and ChangePrelims-2021: continuity & changeFrom 2015 to 2019 around 4-5 MCQs came from Agriculture.. In 2018 hardly two questions came8 MCQ asked, Which is highest in the last 5 yearsSame- 7 MCQ.2017: past the nature of question had been quite easy for example soil health card scheme, National Agriculture Market’ (e-NAM). But ever since then 2018, 2019 – It had been medium to difficult level questions.. Same as 20202019: Quantitative data interpretation question about area under cultivation for Rice, Jowar, Cotton, SugarcaneSimilar question about the pulses and black/green gram production.In crop asked about GM Crop, Moringa, Tamarind, Palm oil, Sugarcane.Zero /minimum tillage had been a favourite subject matter for the examiner.. In 2017 and 2018 He had used this term in at least one options each yearagain asked from zero tillage.Their loveria is finally over.2018 and before: Agricultural biotechnology related question such as Mycorrhizal biotech, Somatic cell transfer for animal cloning etcNothing of that sort from agriculture this time however some Biotech related questions have been asked under traditional science-tech portionOne question on GM-Crop Bollgard technologyNature of MCQs: one liner, 2 statement true/ false, 3 statement true/false– Only 1 MCQ was “one liner” i.e.. 3 out 7 MCQ were Single statement remaining question were multi-statement.2018: asked about “Conservation Agriculture” techniquesasked about “Eco friendly” agriculture techniquesAsked about Permaculture, Climate-smart Agriculture.. 🔖Unlock Free content with Code: ‘Mrunal.org’ First of all, there is a need to get out of this “cynical and negative attitude” that Agriculture was very difficult, and it is only for recruitment of the Indian Agriculture Service exam and not IAS exam.. It is also true that routine preparation sources such as NCERT, Shankar IAS, Majid Husain geography etc have given very limited utility in these agriculture questions.. You don’t have to read from first to last page but read the chief editor’s PREFACE then go through the article’s index and if you find some important topics related to agriculture → read those articles fully.. Besides the cut-off never 200/200, And ultimately it is the competition to find a “less bad candidate” among the “worst candidates”, So unnecessary idealism of “reading the Hindu newspaper for 3 hours daily” = कहता भी दीवाना और सुनता भी दीवाना if you are thinking, “I will invest 300 hours next year on agriculture so that I can solve 7 questions more than other students!. Anyways, let’s solve The agriculture questions that were asked in 2021’s UPSC Prelims!. [CSP21-SET-C] Q.49) In the context of India’s preparation for Climate-smart Agriculture, consider the following statements:. POLYCULTURE (OR) PERMACULTURE: Polyculture is agriculture using multiple crops in the same space, in imitation of the diversity of natural ecosystem and avoiding large stands of single crop or monoculture.

BusinessGreen takes a tour around Riverford Organic Farms to explore how the veg box firm is contending with worsening climate impacts

But the result, critics say, has been a proliferation of intensive farming practices that damage soils, nature, and the climate by ironing out as much unpredictability as possible from the natural world through pesticides, hulking machinery, and crop homogeneity.. Agricultural businesses and traders of agricultural commodities find themselves facing an increasingly volatile future defined by changing demand patterns, stranded assets risks, climate impacts, emerging technologies, and the mounting fear that food security is being eroded.. For farmer Guy Singh-Watson, it is a journey he started out on 35 years ago, when he began supplying organic vegetables from the Devon farm on which he grew up to supermarkets, before later turning Riverford Organic Farms into a hugely successful veg box delivery company.. Riverford Organic Farms founder Guy Singh-Watson | Credit: Riverford Whether it is a concept, or merely a buzzword, regenerative farming has certainly started to catch on in recent years.. "Regenerative agriculture is generally thought of as an emergent term," she says.. But Singh-Watson is also passionate about another means of boosting resilience on his farm: perennial crops.. Singh-Watson points to Uganda as an exemplar of these ideas, which have been part of local agricultural culture for generations.. "In Uganda they grow a lot of cassava [an annual crop], maize and bananas [perennials].. Perennial crops therefore require fewer pesticides and fertilisers, and can rarely require watering, with or without much rainfall.. What's more, some perennials can yield harvests several times in one year.. Today, over 80 per cent of all farmed crops are annuals, whereas in nature, over 90 per cent of plants are perennials, which critics cite as evidence of the 'unnaturalness' of modern farming.. Interestingly, Monbiot's new book similarly concludes that perennials have a major role to play in the emergence of a more sustainable agricultural sector, alongside the emergence of various high tech alternative proteins.. "It's not just about less work, it's about cultivating crops for the future and growing in a different way," Singh-Watson explains.

Growing mushrooms can be a profitable and enjoyable. In this article, we provide all the information you need and share a mushroom growing business plan model.

For your mushroom growing operation to survive and grow, you’ll need to be willing to devote a lot of time and energy to your mushroom growing business.. Do you think it’ll be very profitable?. We recommend starting off by selling oyster mushrooms because they’re easy to grow.. Production costs – This includes the cost of buying spawn, substrate, grow bags, disinfectant, gloves and other consumables that you’ll use in your business.. We recommend starting small and perfecting your processes before renting a large space for your mushroom growing business.. You’ll need to get at least your spawn, substrate and bags to start growing mushrooms.. That includes figuring out who your customers are, what types of mushrooms will sell in your area and what your expenses will be.

Pigs seem to be eating everything, but this isn't necessarily so - some things can make them sick. Learn what you can and cannot feed them.

Pigs are perhaps the most economical type of livestock to feed because they are savvy independent foragers and also can remain healthy while eating a wide variety of common kitchen and garden scraps.. If you can grow enough corn and small grain hay – alfalfa, barley, or wheat to feed the hogs, the hogs being raised on your land will cost little to nothing to feed, fatten up, and keep healthy.. Even if you have ample acres for pigs to forage for food, allowing the animals to wander around horses or goats, is not a typical or traditional way to feed hogs.. Purchasing commercially manufactured hog grain feed can also provide all or nearly all the nutrients the pigs need, but exclusively going that route will be costly.. Placing a mixture of a quality grain feed as well as corn on the cob, barley, wheat, and or alfalfa hay into the automatic hog feeder will allow the pigs to choose what they want and their body is craving from a small sampling of healthy options.. CornCucumbersApplesBroccoli – cooked or rawLettucePotatoes – cooked onlySquashOats – raw or cookedZucchiniKaleCauliflowerApricots – pittedPumpkinsPeaches – pittedSnow PeasGrapesCarrotsBeetsTurnipsYamsGrapefruitWatermelonCantaloupeTomatoesCollard GreensKaleStrawberriesBlackberriesRaspberriesBlack RaspberriesUnsalted PeanutsCabbageOrangesGrapefruitCherriesArtichokesJerusalem ArtichokesRadishesBrussels SproutsEggplantSpinachPasta – cooked or uncookedMushroomsParsleyPeppersOnions – though safe, they are not usually a favoriteArugulaSproutsParsnipsBelgian EndiveUnsalted PopcornPearsOreganoBeetsBurdock RootBlack SalsifyAmaranthDried FruitChickweedThymeArrowrootBamboo ShootsDandelionPeppersBananasBok ChoyRosemaryFennelOatmeal – cooked or uncookedBlack Eyed PeasKohlrabiCranberriesCoconut – fresh or oilSoybeansGalangal RootGinger RootFennelLima BeansPlantainManoaRed CloverCloverShallotsRutabagasJackfruitSwiss ChardBlueberriesSweet PotatoesFigsBoysenberriesCranberriesDatesHoneydew MelonCrab ApplesHuckleberriesLimesPineappleLemonsPersimmonsMulberries – pittedPassion FruitNectarines – pittedPapayasPomegranatesStar FruitBrown Rice – cookedSharon FruitCalendula PlantsMilletThimbleberriesEchinacea PlantsQuinoaTangerinesRyeSapodillasSorghumBuckwheatChia SeedsHazelnutsAlmondsPistachiosCashewsMacadamia NutsWalnutsPine NutsPecansLentils – cookedPinto Beans – cookedNavy Beans – cookedFava Beans – cookedLima Beans – cookedSplit Peas – cookedField Peas – cookedKidney Beans – cookedWhite Rice – cookedChick Peas – cookedBoston Beans – cookedCottage CheeseGranolaSugar Free Fruit Juice – special limited amount snackCanned 100 percent pumpkinYogurt – plain or Greek recommended, also a special limited amount snackYarrowQueen Anne’s Lace – Wild CarrotsMilkSour CreamCheeseBread – in limited amounts to avoid grain overloadCooked MeatCooked Fish. While most foods that we folks eat can be shared with the hogs we keep, some food types and plants that regularly grow in the United States can be unhealthy or even deadly toxic to pigs.. Do not feed your hogs domestic pet feed and treats; the nutritional makeup of such feed items is not necessarily recommended for hog consumption.. Fattening up a hog on a healthy diet is a good thing, but allowing a pig to get obese from eating sweets and unhealthy treats – is not.. An obese pig is not a healthy pig, nor is one that will produce a quality meats or piglets.

22 Foods That Last Forever! There are many foods that, if stored properly, will last forever, or at least longer than you will. The following list of 22 foods are the most popular we have

To keep: Store in a cool, dry area.. To keep: Store in an airtight container in a cool, dry area.. Virtually all dried beans can be stored indefinitely when stored properly.. To keep: Store in airtight containers in a cool, dry area.. Store in an airtight container in a cool, dry area.. To keep: Store in an airtight container in a cool, dry area.. To keep: Store in an airtight container and keep in a cool, dry area.

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